Winthrop Professor Peter Veth has been involved in archaeological, ethnohistoric, ethnographic and maritime studies throughout Australia, Torres Strait, Maluku Province Indonesia, East Timor and Pitcairn Island.

Focusing originally on the evolution and dynamics of desert hunter-gatherer societies from the Western Desert and elsewhere, he has overseen substantive projects on early maritime sites on the Montebello Islands and now Barrow Island; art in archaeological context including the Burrup Peninsula (Murujuga) and the Canning Stock Route; the Australian Historic Shipwrecks Protection Project; and the systemic study of variability in Kimberley rock art.

He has researched and published widely on the use of archaeological and claimant evidence in native title (federal court) proceedings and currently co-authored the authoritative chapter for lawyers and judges on Forensic Anthropology.